Sunday, April 3, 2011

Telugu Ugadi 2011, ఉగాది శుభాకాంక్షలు


Yugadi (Kannada: ??????, Telugu: ?????) from yuga + aadi, yuga means era, aadi means start it means “The start of an era”) Ugadi is known as New Year day for people of Deccan region. This festival is celebrated mostly at Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.

The people of Maharashtra term the same festival, observed on the same day, Gudi Padwa. Sindhis, people from Sindh, celebrate the same day as their New Year day Cheti Chand.[1] Manipuris also celebrate their New Year (Sajibu Cheiraoba) on the same day. While it is observed as Baisakhi in Punjab and Puthandu in Tamil Nadu.

The word Yugadi can be explained as; 'Yuga' is the word for 'epoch' or 'era', and 'aadi' stands for 'the beginning'.[citation needed] Yugadi specifically refers to the start of the age we are living in now, Kali Yuga. Kali Yuga started the moment when Lord Krishna left the world. Maharshi Vedavyasa describes this event with the words "Yesmin Krishno divamvyataha, Tasmat eeva pratipannam Kaliyugam". Kali Yuga began on Feb 17/18 midnight 3102 BC.

The festival marks the new year day for people between Vindhyas and Kaveri river who follow the South Indian lunar calendar, pervasively adhered to in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Goa.

Symbolic Eating of a Dish with Six Tastes

The eating of a specific mixture of six tastes (షడ్రుచులు), called Ugadi Pachhadi (ఉగాది పచ్చడి) in Telugu and Bevu-Bella( ಬೇವು-ಬೆಲ್ಲ) in Kannada[2], symbolizes the fact that life is a mixture of different experiences (sadness, happiness, anger, fear, disgust, surprise) , which should be accepted together and with equanimity through the New Year.


The special mixture consists of:
  • Neem Buds/Flowers for its bitterness, signifying Sadness
  • Jaggery and ripe banana pieces for sweetness, signifying Happiness
  • Green Chilli/Pepper for its hot taste, signifying Anger
  • Salt for saltiness, signifying Fear
  • Tamarind Juice for its sourness, signifying Disgust
  • Raw Mango for its tang, signifying Surprise

Tuesday, March 1, 2011

Kedareswara Vratha Kalpamu | kedareswara vratha katha telugu



Kedareswara Vratha Kalpamu Story - PDF



Kedareswara Vratha Kalpamu - Audio

Lord Shiv | Shiva MP3 Downloads | శివ Temples | శివ Wallpapers | India

Siva means mangalam-welfare. And the Cult devoted to the worship of Siva is Saivisam. He is supposed to be the destroyer of the world and hence the most feared, but he is in reality the most benevolent and pleasing to those who abide by the laws of Nature, prescribed the code. Among all the Gods, he is the one who is easily pleased.

His role appears to be ever meditating for the good of the living beings. He has never taken an incarnation –except as spiritual preachers like Adi Sankara.

He is married to Uma, the tamasic form to Sakti - from whom he get his powers.


Devotional Lord Shiva MP3 (Om Arunachaleswaraya Namaha, Shiva Ashtottara Satanamavali, Sri Rudram, Daridraya Dahana Shiva Stotram, Linga Ashtakam)




Maha Shivaratri Katha (Story) (Shiva Ashtottara Satanamavali,Daridraya Dahana Shiva, Linga Ashtakam)



Jyotirlinga are set of 12 Shiva Temples spread all over India and considered holiest for Shiva devotees. Its rather an arduous task to visit all at once and therefore most devotees make it a point to visit all over a period of time, sometime part of an Itinerary and sometime two or three at a time.
Based on geographic location Jyotirlinga Temples can be divided into following:


1. KEDARNATH (Himalayas)


shiva-kedarnath
The temple of Kedarnath is located at an altitude of 11,735 feet in the Rudra Himalayan ranges, also called Sumeru Parvat.
Kedara is mentioned in the Siva Puranam as well as Mahabharata. Legend has it that Vishnuj as Nara and Narayana was doing penance at Badrinath. The two sages used to mould a Sivalinga from the soil and worship it. Siva pleased with their tapas gave them a boon and as a sequel to their request Siva has taken the abode of Kedar as a Jyotirlinga.
Like Badrinath, Kedarnath is also closed during the winter and the God moves down to Ukhimath along with his devotees.





2. MAHAKALESWARA-(Ujjain - Madhya Pradesh


shiva ujjain
One of the seven sacred Mokshapuris Ujjain is the abode of Mahakaleswara, the Shiva who has incarnated at Ujjain to protect his devotees from untimely death. Mentioned in Mahabharata as Avanti-(Ujjain), the city was the capital of the great Vikramaditya of the Mauryas and lately by the Holkars. Kalidasa, the court poet of Vikramaditya lived here and rendered his immortal classics. Even the Chinese traveler Hean Tsang has recorded the glory of Ujjain.
Besides being one of the Jyotirlinga Kshetra’s Ujjain is also one of the four sacred places where Kumbha Mela is held, when the planet Guru enters the Simha Rasi and the sun occupies the Mesha Rasi and the Moon is transitting Tula Rasi.





3. Sri VISWANATHA (Varanasi - Uttar Pradesh)


shiva kasi
Kasi or Varansi is the spiritual, religious and cultural centre of India. It is believed philosophy and religion grew in that holy place, banked by the ganga which flows South-North. Sage Vyasa, who synthesized, the Vedas into four divisons, is said to have lived here and wrote his commentary on Brahmasutra. Adi Sankara met the sage here and presented his commentaries on Brahmasutra, Upanishads and Bhagavat Gita, and got his blessings. Adi Sankara had the darshan of Lord Visweswara at Kasi, who came in the form of a Panchama-low caste and taught the former the true import and meaning of I am the Brahman-one of the Mahavakyas, which inspired the rendering of Manisha Panchakam by Adi Sankara.

Kasi is one of the seven Mokshapuris-centres of spiritual emancipation and Lord Viswanatha. One of the twelve Jyothir Lingams. Kasi Viswanatha Lingam is very small in size and devout pilgrims are allowed to worship personally. According to tradition. Vishwanatha is believed to utter the Taraka Mantra-Rama - in the ears of the dying persons at Kasi and hence the longing for everyone to spend one’s last moments at Kasi. While at Kasi.Viswanatha in the form “Siva” imparted “Rama” mantra to devotees, and at Rameswaram. Rama worshipped Siva. The ancient name of Sri Viswanatha is Ari Markteswara.





4. TRYAMBAKESWARA (Nashik – Maharashtra)


shiva tryambakeswar
On the slope of the mountain of sahyadri and on the sacred bank of river Godavari resides Tryambakeswara whose mere vision destroys all sins.
Nasik, the main city barely 36 Kms from Tryambaka, is an industrial area. The present temple of Tryambakeswara was built by Balaji Peshwa in place of the ancient temple which existed there. The town of Tryambak is known for its learned Brahmins who are by traditions, students of the Vedas and Vedic rituals.

The Jyotirlinga of Tryambakeswara has a small crack at the top and there is a constant flow of water from it. Devotees believe that Gautami Ganga performs constant abhishekam to the lord in this manner. The linga is covered with a golden mask with five faces carved on it.





5. TIRUVANNAMALAI-(TamilNadu)


shiva annamalai
The holy hill of Arunachala is about 100 miles from Madras and at the foot of the hill is the siva temple-which enshrines one of the Panchabhutah Lingams namely Jyotir(Tejas) Lingam. The presiding deity is known as Sri Annamalayar and his consort Parvati is here named as Sri Unnamalai Amman.

On Karthik Poornima day, a huge lamp is lit at the top of the hill-which can be seen for miles around and it is believed that everyone who sees the light attains salvation.
The hill side is an abode of spiritual glory and the renowned Ramana Maha Rishi lived here and many of his disciples took advantage of his wisdom. The Ramana Ashram is a peaceful haven. Sri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam Sri Sankara Matam at Tiruvannamalai is located near the foothills on the Girivalam path.





6. CHIDAMBARAM(TamilNadu)


shiva chidambaram
Chidamabaram, situated 151 miles south of Madras is one of the oldest religious centres mentioned in inscriptions and history as far back as the 6th century A.D. Probably the holy city existed a long time before that.

Popularly known as Chitrambalam or Atmosphere of wisdom, Chidambaram is mainly famous for the great temple of Siva as Nataraja. The temple, extensively occupying an area of 32 acres, surrounded on all sides by massive walls, intersected by loftly and magnificent gopurams, is an abode of sanctity that is revered throughout India.

The Sancturary contains one of the Panchabhuta Lingams namely Akasa Lingam which has been described as the Chidambara Rahasyam or secret of Chidambaram. The Lord is supposed to be existing here behind a curtain and when the screen is drawn for the devotees to have a darshan, mystery surrounds the shrine and just an empty space appears to one and all. The Akasa Lingam does not appear to the naked eye. It requires an inner eye to see the Lord in an empty space. That is the secret.

There is perhaps no other temple in India where the religious differences to the two cults-Saivism and Vaishnavism have been overcome by absolute tolerance as at Chidambaram. Here the devotee can worship both Siva and Vishnu simultaneously, made possible by the erection of a shrine to Vishnu, as Govindaraja at right angle to the shrine of Lord Nataraja.

What a nobler idea could exist than this? God is but one and religious are many Sects are too many. If God is a tree, religious and sects are its innumerable branches and twigs. Tradition asserts that Lord Siva gave a performance of his Tandava Nritya in this place to please two of his devotees Patanjali and Vyagrapada.

Religiously the temple is holy, architercturally it is great. Artistically the temple is superb with thousands of sculptures, dancers, drummers and musicians. The 108 Lasya poses of the dance is chiseled in granite all over the temple prakarams and the Nritta Sabha.

ocated twelve miles off Madurai(TamilNadu, amidst inspiring natural surroundings, in an area, popularly called Kallalagarkoil(Vaishnavite Shrine), is the sixth Padai Veedu, a temple for Subramanya is known as Pazhamudir Solai.

Tamil Poetess Avvayyar, reversed for her moral and ethical teachings, had darsan of Subramanya here in her ecstatic moments.

In the Sanctum Sanctorum, Lord Subramanya appears with his consorts-Valli and Devasena.





7. SRISAILAM-(Andhra Pradesh)


srisailam Temple
Srisailam is situated in the hilly forest area of the Nandikotkur Taluk in Kurnool District. Srisailam is described as the Kailasa of the South is overlooking the river Krishna or one of its branches which is known here as Pathal Ganga. On this Srisaila Mount is the famous and ancient temple at Lord siva known as Malikarjuna. It is one of the twelve Jyotir Lingas. Srisailam is 112 kms from Nandyal on the Guntoor-Vijayawada railway line. Some inscriptions establish that this area of Srisailam was a part of the kingdom of the great ruler, Krishna Deva Raya of Vijayanagar, and that it was a very flourishing place at one time.

The temple of Mallikarjuna is spread on a plateau and above 1500 metres above sea level. The courtyard occupies 500 600 feet. The temple dedicated to his consort Bhramarambika is on the western side. The devi is an incarnation of Ambika.

Bhramarambika’s is one of the ancient and famous Sakipeethas and the Jyotirlinga of Mallikarjuna is described by the Lingayat Jangama priests as the Linga Chakravarti. The Shiva and Sakti festivals take place separately one after the other. The Shiva festival takes place on the Mahasivaratri day. After that the Sakti Festival starts. Sri Adi Sankaracharya performed penance in a forest near the Mallikarjuneswara Temple. Pilgrims can visit the spot which is just off the road and is indicated by name boards.





8. Sri RAMANATHASWAMY(Rameswaram-Tamil Nadu)


shiva Rameswaram
On the slope of the mountain of sahyadri and on the sacred bank of river Godavari resides Tryambakeswara whose mere vision destroys all sins.

Nasik, the main city barely 36 Kms from Tryambaka, is an industrial area. The present temple of Tryambakeswara was built by Balaji Peshwa in place of the ancient temple which existed there. The town of Tryambak is known for its learned Brahmins who are by traditions, students of the Vedas and Vedic rituals.

The Jyotirlinga of Tryambakeswara has a small crack at the top and there is a constant flow of water from it. Devotees believe that Gautami Ganga performs constant abhishekam to the lord in this manner. The linga is covered with a golden mask with five faces carved on it.

Sri Sankara Matam at Rameswaram is located on the Sannadhi Street , quite close to the Temple and just opposite the Agni Teertham.

Sunday, October 26, 2008

Diwali(Deepavali) Greetings Card, Diwali Wallpaper, Shubh Deepawali Cards, Diwali Images and Diwali Pictures

















Diwali Pooja (Lakshmi pooja)

"Laxmi aayegi itni ki sab jagah Naam hoga,
Laxmi aayegi itni ki sab jagah Naam hoga,
Din raat vyapar bade itna adhik kaam hoga,
Ghar Pariwar samaj me banoge Sartaj,
Yehi Kamna hai hamari aap ke liye
Diwali ki Dhero Shubh Kamanaye...."

"May the Divine Light of Diwali
Spread into your Life Peace,
Prosperity, Happiness and
Good Health. Happy Diwali...."

"May the festival of lights be the harbinger
of joy and prosperity. As the holy occasion
of Diwali is here and the atmosphere is
filled with the spirit of mirth and love,
here's hoping this festival of beauty brings your way,
bright sparkles of contentment, that stay with you
through the days ahead. Best wishes on Diwali...."

"I Pray to God to give you
Shanti, Shakti,
Sampati, Swarup,
Saiyam, Saadgi,
Safalta, Samridhi,
Sanskar, Swaasth,
Sanmaan, Saraswati,
Wish you and your family Shubh Deewali ...."

"Har Dam Khushiya Ho Sath,
Kabhi Daman Na Ho Khali
Hum Sab Ke Taraf Se,
Shubh Deepawali Mere Yaar...."

"Aai aai Diwali aai, Saath me kitni Khushiya laayi,
Dhoom machao, mauz manao, aap sabhi ko Diwali ki badhai.
Happy Diwali...."

Tuesday, September 2, 2008

History of Ganesha Festival

Ganesh Chaturthi (IAST: Gaṇeśa Chaturṭhī, sanskrit: गणेश चतुर्थी) (Ganesh Festival) is a day on which Lord Ganesha, the son of Shiva and Parvati, is believed to bestow his presence on earth for all his devotees. It is also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chavithi in Sanskrit, Kannada, Tamil and Telugu and as Chathaa (चथा) in Nepal Bhasa. It is the birthday of Lord Ganesha. The festival is observed in the Hindu calendar month of Bhaadrapada, starting on the shukla chaturthi (fourth day of the waxing moon period). Typically the day falls sometime between August 20 and September 15. The festival lasts for 10 days, ending on Ananta Chaturdashi.

Ganesha, the elephant-headed son of Shiva and Parvati, is widely worshipped as the supreme god of wisdom, prosperity and good fortune.

While held all over India, it is at its most elaborate in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, and other areas which were former states of the Maratha Empire. Outside India, it is celebrated by Newars in Nepal.

A ganesh idol costing Rs 7 crore (2007) is presented at GSB Mandal Ganpati in Wadala, Mumbai.


Rituals

During the Ganesha festival, a household worships a statue of Shri Ganesha. The worship lasts an odd number of days (from 1 to 11 days, sometimes 13).

This festival starting with the installation of beautifully engraved (sculptured) Ganesh idols in colorfully decorated homes and mantapas (pandals). The mantapas has been depicted by religious themes or current events. The idols are worshipped with families and friends.

The main sweet dish during the festival is the modak ([modagam]or [modakam] in South India). A modak is a dumpling made from rice flour/wheat flour with a stuffing of fresh or dry-grated coconut, jaggery and some other condiments. It is either steam-cooked or fried. Another popular sweet dish is the karanji ([karjikai]in Kannada) which is similar to the modak in composition and taste but has the shape of the 4th day moon.

Public celebrations of the festival are hugely popular, with local communities (mandalas) vying with each other to put up the biggest idol. The festival is also the time for cultural activities like songs, dramas and orchestra.

Today, the Ganesh Festival is not only a popular festival - it has become a very critical and important economic activity for Maharashtra. Many artists, industries, and businesses survive on this mega-event. Ganesh Festival also provides a stage for budding artists to present their art to the public.

For the year 2007 in the Western Calendar, Ganesha Chaturthi has commenced on Saturday, September 15th and its attributed festival of ganesha's mother, gowri (a form of parvathi), gowripuja comes on 13th (the day before)


History

Traditional stories tell that Lord Ganesha (or Ganapati) (the names mean "Lord [isha] or [pati] of Shiva's hosts [gana]") was created by goddess Parvati, consort of Lord Shiva. Parvati created Ganesha out of sandalwood paste that she used for her bath and breathed life into the figure. She then set him to stand guard at her door while she bathed. However, while she bathed, Lord Shiva returned and as Ganesha didn't know him, he didn't allow him to enter. Lord Shiva became enraged and severed the head of the child and entered his house. After realizing that he had beheaded his own son, Lord Shiva fixed the head of an elephant in place of Ganesha's head. In this way, Lord Ganesha came to be depicted as the elephant-headed God.

To know more about this deity, please read Ganesha.


Rooted in Tradition

Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak brought Ganesha as a deity out on the streets. It was a unique move by this freedom fighter, which he achieved with the Ganpati visarjana or immersion procession, wherein the mass output of several Ganesh mandals is taken out on a parade on the final day of the Ganesh festival and taken to be immersed. This process was started in 1893 and is now prevalent virtually all over Maharashtra, with special emphasis on Mumbai and Pune. Lokmanya Tilak attached this mass celebration to increase national awareness about the Freedom movement. Herein, neighborhood Ganeshas are worshiped and brought to immersion sites, where huge crowds gather to bid him an emotional and frenzied farewell.

In Pune, as the sun sets over darkening rivers, the images are taken out in boats and as each one is immersed, a cry is raised asking him to return the next year. It is an emotional and public farewell to their beloved god as parthiva (of the earth), who will rise once again the following year.

The first day commemorates certain events connected with Ganesha. It is the day on which he materialised as Mayureshwara, to kill the demon Sindhu, who had acquired extraordinary powers through the worship of Surya. Mayureshwara is also one of the ashtavinayakas (the eight forms of Ganesha). This is also the birth that Shiva has chosen to celebrate in Kailasa.

A special puja is performed for Ganesha. The worship of the deity involves getting a corner ready to receive the god. The puja begins with special chantings and offerings like the Panchamrut (five nectars), which include milk, curd, ghee, honey and jaggery. The God is bathed in these, cleansed & dried.

Ganesha is then given a red garment and the sacred thread - saying it is silver. He is then smeared with red sandal paste and offered red or yellow flowers. A lamp is lit, bells chime and food is offered in six symbolic mouthfuls - not to the god's body, but to his five panchapranas or 'vital breaths' and the one beyond - the absolute.

During the festival, puja is performed twice every day - once in the morning and again in the evening. Ganesha is offered special leaves and flowers, 21 of each and white durva grass. The murti is formally installed on the first day. Touching the murti with blades of durva grass, he is brought to life step by step and made to go through 15 of the 16 rites of passage that each Hindu goes through in his lifetime. (The sixteenth one, which is for death, is omitted.)

The Ganesha mantra is chanted, followed by a Ganesha prayer. Ganesha is called by his 108 good names. The last puja done, the family or congregation gathers around and rice grains are placed on the head of the murti, which is moved, symbolically unseating him.


Problems

In recent times there have been few incidents of tensions between Hindus and Muslims during the visarjan. This happens when the Ganesh procession uses routes that passes through places inhabited by minorities. However, there are examples of Muslims involved in Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations, such as the Shri Sarvajanik Ganesh Mitra Mandal at Shri Sunder Kamala Nagar, King's Circle. As of 10th September 2005, a Muslim heads this particular Ganesh mandal (a small group that organises the local celebrations), which was founded by Wilson Brooks (a Christian) some 24 years ago.


Environmental impact

The most serious impact of the Ganesh festival on the natural environment is due to the immersion of idols made of Plaster of Paris into lakes, rivers and the sea. Traditionally, the Ganesh idol was sculpted out of earth taken from nearby one’s home. After worshipping the divinity in this earth idol, it was returned back to the Earth by immersing it in a nearby water body. This cycle represented the cycle of creation and dissolution in Nature.

However, as the production of Ganesh idols on a commercial basis grew, the earth or natural clay (shaadu maati in Marathi) was replaced by Plaster of Paris. Plaster is a man made material, easier to mould, lighter and less expensive than clay. However, plaster takes much longer to dissolve and in the process of dissolution releases toxic elements into the water body. The chemical paints used to adorn these plaster idols, themselves contain heavy metals like mercury and cadmium.

On the final day of the Ganesh festival thousands of plaster idols are immersed into water bodies by devotees. These increase the level of acidity in the water and the content of heavy metals. The day after the immersion, shoals of dead fish can be seen floating on the surface of the water body as a result of this sudden increase.

Several non governmental and governmental bodies have been addressing this issue. Amongst the solutions proposed by various groups some are as follows:

Return to the traditional use of natural clay idols and immerse the idol in a bucket of water at home. Use of a permanent idol made of stone and brass, used every year and a symbolic immersion only. Recycling of plaster idols to repaint them and use them again the following year. Ban on the immersion of plaster idols into lakes, rivers and the sea. Creative use of other biodegradable materials such as paper mache to create Ganesh idols. Encouraging people to immerse the idols in tanks of water rather than in natural water bodies. To handle religious sentiments sensitively, some temples and spiritual groups have also taken up the cause.


1. Ganesh puja, katha,vratakalpam in Telugu
2. 108 Names of Lord Ganesha and the meanings



Courtesy: telugupedia

Monday, August 18, 2008

జాతక కధలు - కొన్దెగదు

బ్రహ్మదత్తుడు కాశీరాజ్యాన్ని పరిపాలించే కాలంలో బోధిసత్వుడు మగధదేశంలోని ఒక గ్రామంలో మాఘుడనే క్షత్రియ కుమారు డుగా జన్మించాడు.ఆ గ్రామంలో యూభై గడప ఉండేది. యూభై ఇళ్ళ మగవాళ్ళూ రచ్చపట్టులో సమావేశమవుతూండేవారు. ఈ గ్రామస్థులు నీతినియమాలు లేనివాళ్ళు. దొంగతనాలూ, హత్యలూ చేసి, లంచాలతో గ్రామాధికార్ల నోరు మూస్తూండే వాళ్ళు. ఈ రచ్చపట్టుకు ఆలనాపాలనా లేదు.
చెత్తా చెదారమూ ఉండేది. ఇది చూసి మాఘుడు తన కోసమని కొద్ది మేర శుభ్రం చేసుకు న్నాడు. కాని ఆ ప్రదేశాన్ని మిగిలిన వారిలో ఎవరో కాజేసి స్వంతం చేసుకున్నారు. మాఘుడు మరొక జాగా శుభ్రం చేసుకు న్నాడు. దాన్ని కూడా ఇంకెవరో ఆక్రమించు కున్నారు. ఈ విధంగా మాఘుడు ఓపికతో రచ్చ పట్టంతా శుభ్రం చేశాడు. ఆ తరవాత అక్కడ నీడగా ఉండేటందుకు ఒక పందిరి వేశాడు. ఇందువల్ల గ్రామస్థులందరికీ చాలా సుఖం చేకూరింది.
మాఘుడి ప్రవర్తన యూభై ఇళ్ళ మగవారినీ ఆకర్షించింది. వారంతా అతని నాయకత్వం ఆమోదించి గ్రామసేవలో నిమగ్నులయ్యూరు. అందరూ కలిసి సమావేశాలకోసం ఒక పెద్ద మందిరం నిర్మించి, తాగేటందుకు నీరు కూడా ఏర్పాటు చేశారు. అది మొదలు వారు మాఘుడి వద్ద పంచ శీలాలు నేర్చుకుని సద్వర్తనులై మెలగ సాగారు.
వారు రోజూ రహదారులు చదును చేసేవారు. వచ్చేపోయే రథాలకు అడ్డంగా ఉండే చెట్ల కొమ్మలను నరికేవారు. గుంటలు పూడ్చేవారు, చెరువులు తవ్వేవారు, తేమ ప్రదేశాల మధ్యగా నడిచేటందుకు ఎత్తయిన కట్టలు వేసేవారు. వారికి మాఘుడు మార్గదర్శీ, నాయకుడూ అయ్యూడు. ఆ ఊరికి ఒక గ్రామాధికారి ఉన్నాడు.
ఊళ్ళో వుండే యువకులు జూదరులుగా, హంతకులుగా, నీతిమాలి ప్రవర్తిస్తూ వున్న కాలంలో ఈ అధికారి సందు దొరికినప్పుడల్లా లంచాలు లాగీ, లంచా లివ్వని వారికి జరిమా నాలు వేసీ, పుష్కలంగా సంపాదించాడు. కాని ఊరి కురవ్రాళ్ళకు మాఘుడు నాయకుడై, వారు సన్మార్గం అవలంబించిననాటి నుంచీ గ్రామాధికారి సంపాదన సన్నగిల్లింది. అందుచేత ఆ అధికారి రాజుగారి వద్దకు వెళ్ళి, ‘‘మహారాజా, మా గ్రామంలో అరాజకం బలిసిపోయింది.
మాఘుడనే వాడి ప్రభావం చేత ఊళ్ళో ఉన్న యువకులందరూ అస్త మానమూ కరల్రూ, గండ్రగొడ్డళ్ళూ, పలు గులూ పట్టుకు తిరుగుతున్నారు. ఏ రహ దారి మీద చూసినా వీళ్ళే. వీళ్ళ మూలంగా ప్రజలకు చెప్పరాని ఉపద్రవం వచ్చి పడింది! ఏలినవారికి విన్నవించటం నా విధి! పైన తమ చిత్తం!'' అని ఫిర్యాదు చేశాడు. విషయం ఏమిటో తెలుసుకుని, అధి కారి చెప్పినది నిజమైతే గ్రామస్థులందరినీ బంధించి తెమ్మని రాజు గ్రామాధికారి వెంట తగినంతమంది సైనిక భటులను పంపాడు.
వారు గ్రామంలోకి రాకముందే, మాఘుడూ అతని అనుచరులూ వారికి రహదారిపై కనిపించారు. ప్రతి ఒకరి చేతిలోనూ కర్రో, పలుగో, గొడ్డలో ఉన్నది. మారుమాట లేకుండా సైనికభటులు వారందరినీ పట్టు కుని, పెడరెక్కలు విరిచికట్టి రాజుగారి ఎదుట హాజరు పెట్టారు.
రాజు వాళ్ళనూ, వాళ్ళ చేతుల్లో గల ఆయుధాలనూ చూసి, వాటిని వాళ్ళు గ్రామ సవకు వినియోగిస్తున్నారని గ్రహించలేక, గ్రామాధికారి చేసిన ఫిర్యాదు రుజువైనట్టే ఎంచాడు. ఆయన వారిని విచారించకుం డానే, ‘‘ఏనుగు పాదాల కింద ఈ దుర్మార్గుల నందరినీ తొక్కించి చంపించండి!'' అని ఉత్తరు విచ్చాడు. మాఘుణ్ణీ, అతని అనుచరులనూ తొక్కించటానికి గాను పట్టపుటేనుగును ఆయత్తం చేసి తెచ్చారు.
అది వారికి కొంత దూరంలో ఆగి, బెదిరిన దానిలాగా వెనక్కు తిరిగి పారిపోయింది. మరొక ఏనుగును తెచ్చారు. అదీ అలాగే పారిపోయింది. ఈ వార్త రాజుకు అందింది. మూఢుడైన ఆ రాజు, ‘‘వాళ్ళ శరీరాల మీద తాయెత్తులూ, రక్షరేకులూ ఉండి ఉంటాయి. అందుకే ఏనుగులు వాళ్ళని సమీపించలేక పోయూయి. వాళ్ళని జాగ్రత్తగా పరీక్షించి అటువంటి వేవైనా ఉంటే విప్పి అవతల పారేసి, మళ్ళీ ఏనుగులను పంపండి!'' అని భటులను ఆజ్ఞాపించాడు.
కాని ఎవరి వంటి మీద కూడా ఒక తాయెత్తు కూడా లేదు. ఈ సంగతి విని రాజు, ‘‘ముద్దా యిలను నా వద్దకు పంపండి!'' అన్నాడు. మాఘుడు మొదలుగాగల యూభైమందీ రాజు ఎదుట హాజరయ్యూరు. ‘‘ఏనుగులు మిమ్మల్ని తొక్కటానికి ఎందుకు భయపడ్డాయి? మీరేదో మంత్రాలు చదువుతూ ఉండి ఉంటారు. నిజమేనా? మీకేమైనా మంత్రాలు వచ్చునా?'' అని రాజు వారిని ప్రశ్నించాడు.

ఆ ప్రశ్నకు మాఘుడు ఈ విధంగా సమా ధానం చెప్పాడు: ‘‘మీరన్నది నిజమే, మహారాజా! మా దగ్గిర గొప్ప మంత్రం ఉన్నది, దాన్ని మించిన మంత్రం ప్రపంచంలో మరి ఒకటి లేదు.'' ‘‘ఏమిటా మంత్రం?'' అని రాజు ఆత్రంగా అడిగాడు. ‘‘మాలో ఒక్కరు కూడా జీవహింస చెయ్యరు; ఒకరివ్వని వస్తువు తీసుకోరు, తప్పుడు ప్రవర్తనలకు దిగరు, అబద్ధాలాడరు; మేమెవరమూ మత్తు కలిగించే పదార్థాలు తాగము; మేము జీవులను ప్రేమిస్తాము; భూతదయ ఆచరిస్తాము; మేము దానాలు చేస్తాము, దారులు బాగు చేస్తాము, చెరు వులు తవ్వుతాము; సత్రాలు కడతాము.
ఇదే మా దగ్గిర ఉండే మంత్రం. ఇదే మా బలం,'' అన్నాడు మాఘుడు. ఇది విని రాజు నివ్వెరపోయి, ‘‘ఇదే మిటి? మీరు దారులు కాస్తారనీ, మీదగ్గిర ఉండే ఆయుధాలతో ప్రజలను భయపెట్టి డబ్బు దోచుకుంటారనీ విన్నానే? అవేమీ నిజం కాదా?'' అన్నాడు. ‘‘మీరు ఇతరులు చెప్పినది విని నమ్మారు గాని, నిజానిజాలు విచారించ లేదు,'' అన్నాడు మాఘుడు. ‘‘మీరు ఆయుధాలతో మా భటు లకు దొరికారు. అందుచేత విచారించటం అనవసరమనిపించింది,'' అన్నాడు రాజు.
‘‘అవి మేము వినియోగించే సాధనాలు. రహదార్ల పక్కన ఉండే చెట్ల కొమ్మలు దారి కడ్డంగా ఉంటే, గొడ్డళ్ళతో నరుకుతాం. చెరు వులు తవ్వటానికీ, దారులు వెయ్యటానికీ, సత్రాలు కట్టటానికీ అవసరమైన పరికరాలు మా వెంట ఉంటాయి,'' అన్నాడు మాఘుడు. ఇంత అయ్యూక రాజు వారిని గురించి సరి అయిన విచారణ జరిపి, నిజం తెలుసుకు న్నాడు. గ్రామాధికారి చేసిన ఆరోపణ అబద్ధ మని రుజువయింది.
ఆ అధికారి ఎన్నో ఏళ్ళుగా లంచాలు పట్టి సంపాదించిన సొత్తునంతటినీ రాజు ఈ యువకుల పరంచేస్తూ, ‘‘ఇక నుంచీ మీ గ్రామాన్ని మీరే ఏలుకోండి. నేను వేరే అధికారిని నియమించను,'' అన్నాడు. వారిని తొక్కించటానికి తెప్పించిన పట్ట పుటేనుగును కూడా ఆయన గ్రామస్థులకు కానుకగా ఇచ్చి పంపేశాడు.

Saturday, July 5, 2008

Bakrid OR Eid al-Adha


Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى ‘Īd al-’Aḍḥā) is a religious festival celebrated by Muslims worldwide as a commemoration of Ibrahim's (Abraham's) willingness to sacrifice his son Ismael for Allah. It is one of two Eid festivals that Muslims celebrate. Like Eid ul-Fitr, Eid ul-Adha also begins with a short prayer followed by a sermon (khuṭba).

Eid al-Adha is 4 days long and starts on the 10th day of the month of Dhul Hijja (ذو الحجة) of the lunar Islamic calendar. This is the day after the pilgrims in Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia by Muslims worldwide, descend from Mount Arafat. It happens to be approximately 70 days after the end of the month of Ramadan.
Other names for Eid al-Adha

Eid-ul-Adha (Adha Eid) is also known as Eid el-Kbir in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt and Libya; Tfaska Tamoqqart in the Berber language of Jerba; and Tabaski or Tobaski in some parts of Africa; Babbar Sallah in Nigeria and West Africa; Ciidwayneey in Somalia and Somali speaking regions of Kenya and Ethiopia.

In India, Afghanistan, and Pakistan it is also called Eid ul-Azha, goat is the animal most likely to be sacrificed in those countries. In Bangladesh it is called either ঈদ-উল-আজহা Id-ul-Azha or কোরবানী ঈদ Korbani Id. In South Africa it is also called Bakri Eid (or simply Bakrid in India). The Indonesian term is Idul Adha.

In Turkey it is often referred to as the Kurban Bayramı or "Sacrifice Feast". Similarly, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania and Bulgaria it is referred as Kurban Bajram. In Kazakhstan, it is referred to as Kurban Ait. In Kurdish it is called Cejna Qurbanê. This Eid is for 4 days. Also known as the bigger Eid because it is a day longer than Eid-ul-Fitar.

Mukkoti Ekadasi or Vaikunta Ekadasi


According to Vishnu Purana, fasting on Vaikunta Ekadasi is equivalent to fasting on the remaining 22 Ekadasis of the (Hindu) year.

Lord opened the gate of Vaikuntam (his abode) for two daemons inspite of they being against the Lord. They also asked for the boon that who ever listens to their story and see the image of Lord coming out of the door (called Dwaram) called Vaikunta Dwaram they reach Vaikuntam as well. Temples all over the India makes a door kind of structure on this day for devotees to pass through that.

According to Padma Purana, the female energy of Lord Vishnu slains demon Mura in the form of a damsel and protects `Devas'. Impressed by the act, Lord Vishnu names her as `Ekadasi' and gives her the boon that those who worship `Ekadasi' on the day of her victory over Mura would reach `Vaikunta' (His abode).

In Mahabaratha, Bhagavad Gita - the conversation between Lord Krishna and Arjuna at the beginning of Kurukshetra War is said to have occurred on this day.